梅州| 叶县| 吴江| 沁县| 黄岩| 龙山| 鲅鱼圈| 延川| 永丰| 新洲| 铜川| 高唐| 松滋| 宿迁| 代县| 阳朔| 柳江| 河间| 盘县| 合肥| 云浮| 珲春| 灵璧| 重庆| 肇东| 永善| 凯里| 五通桥| 察哈尔右翼中旗| 舞阳| 西沙岛| 奉新| 德兴| 古丈| 徽县| 突泉| 户县| 塔什库尔干| 东安| 湖南| 铜山| 许昌| 台南县| 白水| 广汉| 中山| 美溪| 吕梁| 兰西| 浮梁| 十堰| 巴彦淖尔| 布拖| 庄河| 西乌珠穆沁旗| 额济纳旗| 蓝山| 电白| 尉犁| 阿坝| 突泉| 沧州| 宁河| 赵县| 安阳| 鹿寨| 陇县| 稻城| 桃源| 开江| 八宿| 石景山| 赤水| 团风| 武进| 乌达| 沛县| 枣庄| 和政| 宁津| 鹤山| 方城| 民和| 奉节| 江夏| 理县| 临汾| 武当山| 焦作| 融安| 威信| 泗阳| 浪卡子| 昭通| 建阳| 安新| 陇川| 德钦| 突泉| 恒山| 北仑| 东海| 八一镇| 横县| 姜堰| 牙克石| 合川| 丹凤| 沁水| 安庆| 番禺| 昌宁| 上饶市| 乐亭| 长海| 洪雅| 惠民| 芜湖县| 台前| 武胜| 洮南| 山海关| 霍林郭勒| 九寨沟| 改则| 科尔沁右翼中旗| 德化| 化隆| 米林| 鄂州| 瑞丽| 武安| 方山| 西固| 稻城| 深州| 泰顺| 酉阳| 乌拉特前旗| 柳州| 大余| 东丰| 镇平| 喀喇沁左翼| 宁南| 锦州| 石景山| 靖宇| 葫芦岛| 台州| 阎良| 舞钢| 绥芬河| 万山| 高唐| 台安| 河曲| 平南| 阜宁| 江门| 乌达| 乐亭| 汉川| 峰峰矿| 皋兰| 淅川| 和田| 南山| 肥西| 伊金霍洛旗| 长治市| 东方| 麻栗坡| 荆州| 墨竹工卡| 文安| 庄浪| 洛宁| 精河| 江苏| 泽普| 科尔沁左翼后旗| 周口| 洪湖| 桦甸| 万州| 赣县| 喀喇沁左翼| 黄石| 青州| 奉节| 城阳| 朗县| 丹阳| 泸西| 九龙| 旌德| 雷州| 巨野| 双鸭山| 息县| 垦利| 芮城| 玛沁| 白银| 肥东| 吉木萨尔| 伊通| 比如| 弋阳| 全椒| 连山| 崇信| 延长| 蓟县| 文水| 湟源| 太康| 武定| 鄂温克族自治旗| 苍南| 平潭| 靖宇| 潢川| 库尔勒| 绥化| 通渭| 庄河| 古浪| 户县| 石门| 桐城| 辉县| 临猗| 黄龙| 高平| 潜山| 曲沃| 路桥| 秀山| 云县| 白云矿| 台南市| 和平| 赣州| 阿瓦提| 监利| 濮阳| 庄河| 图们| 柳城| 平安| 镇康| 利津| 剑川| 赣州| 左权| 宣城| 建阳| 西峡| 托里| 无为| 屏边|

延寿经济开发区延寿镇城西区基础设施提档升级工程

2019-05-24 20:13 来源:新闻在线

  延寿经济开发区延寿镇城西区基础设施提档升级工程

  Ablue-throatedbee-eaterfliesatHoulouVillage,YangzhongTown,YouxiCounty,southeastChinasFujianProvince,May25,2018.(Xinhua/MeiYongcun)Blue-throatedbee-eatersperchonabranchatHoulouVillage,YangzhongTown,YouxiCounty,southeastChinasFujianProvince,May25,2018.(Xinhua/MeiYongcun)Blue-throatedbee-eatersperchonabranchinLuxiaTown,NanpingCity,southeastChinasFujianProvince,May25,2018.(Xinhua/MeiYongcun)Blue-throatedbee-eaterssportatHoulouVillage,YangzhongTown,YouxiCounty,southeastChinasFujianProvince,May28,2018.(Xinhua/MeiYongcun)Ablue-throatedbee-eaterfliesinLuxiaTown,NanpingCity,southeastChinasFujianProvince,May25,2018.(Xinhua/MeiYongcun)Ablue-throatedbee-eaterfliesatHoulouVillage,YangzhongTown,YouxiCounty,southeastChinasFujianProvince,May25,2018.(Xinhua/MeiYongcun)Blue-throatedbee-eatersperchonabranchinLuxiaTown,NanpingCity,southeastChinasFujianProvince,May25,2018.(Xinhua/MeiYongcun)Blue-throatedbee-eatersperchonabranchinLuxiaTown,NanpingCity,southeastChinasFujianProvince,May25,2018.(Xinhua/MeiYongcun)Ablue-throatedbee-eaterforagesatHoulouVillage,YangzhongTown,YouxiCounty,southeastChinasFujianProvince,May25,2018.(Xinhua/MeiYongcun)Twojournalistslookatthescreenshowingthedamagedworldfamouspaintingofthe16thcenturyRussianTsar,titledIvantheTerribleandhisSonIvanonNovember16,1581.byIlyaRepinduringapressconferenceattheRussianStateTretyakovGalleryinMoscowonMay28,hebestknownworksof19thcenturypainterIlyaRepin,depictingIvantheTerriblekillinghisson,atagalleryinMoscow.(Photo/Agencies)RussianStateTretyakovGalleryofficialsattendapressconferenceafterIlyaRepinsworldfamouspaintingofthe16thcenturyRussianTsar,titledIvantheTerribleandhisSonIvanonNovember16,1581.wasdamagedinMoscowonMay28,2018.-RussianpoliceonSaturdaysaidtheyarrestedamanforvandalisingoneofthebestknownworksof19thcenturypainterIlyaRepin,depictingIvantheTerriblekillinghisson,atagalleryinMoscow.(Photo/Agencies)ARussianStateTretyakovGalleryemployeestandsneartheblankspacewhereIlyaRepinsworldfamouspaintingofthe16thcenturyRussianTsar,titledIvantheTerribleandhisSonIvanonNovember16,1581.wasexhibitedinMoscowonMay28,2018.-RussianpoliceonSaturdaysaidtheyarrestedamanforvandalisingoneofthebestknownworksof19thcenturypainterIlyaRepin,depictingIvantheTerriblekillinghisson,atagalleryinMoscow.(Photo/Agencies)

Theexhibitionof169displaysattheCapitalMuseuminBeijingincludessuchitemsasaQingDynasty(1644-1911)mapoftheGrandCanal,andotherculturalrelicslikedailyitems,potteryandconstructionmaterials.(PhotoprovidedtoChinaDaily)VisitinganongoingexhibitionattheCapitalMuseumislikereadingabookabouteasternBeijing-JiFuTongHui(akeyjunctionontheoutskirtsofthecapitalcity)-whichareanaptdescriptionofTongzhou,-comprising169displays-eijings"sub-center".,awell-preservedancientcitydatingtotheWesternHanDynasty(206BC-AD24)chitemsasaQingDynasty(1644-1911)mapoftheGrandCanal,andotherculturalrelicslikedailyitems,potteryandconstructionmaterials.(PhotoprovidedtoChinaDaily)YuPing,deputydirectoroftheBeijingmunicipaladministrationofculturalheritage,,dailyitems,pottery,constructionmaterialsandotherculturalrelicsfromthesiteareondisplay."The(Luxian)siteisuniquebecauseitistheonlydiscoveredcounty-levelcityruinsfromtheWesternHanDynasty,"saysGaoHongqing,curatoroftheexhibition."Itfillsavoidinourstudiesofurbanconstructionandlocalgovernmentstructurefromthatdynasty.",theLiaoDynasty(916-1125)madeBeijingoneofits"fivemetropolises",andin1153,theJurchenruleroftheJinDynasty(1115-1234)moveditscapitalcitytoBeijing,makingitthepoliticalcenterofnorthernChina."Duetoitspivotalposition,thestatusofTongzhoukeptgrowing,"chitemsasaQingDynasty(1644-1911)mapoftheGrandCanal,andotherculturalrelicslikedailyitems,potteryandconstructionmaterials.(PhotoprovidedtoChinaDaily)ManyartifactsfromtheCapitalMuseumsowncollection,whichwerealsounearthedinTongzhou,(picturedtop)smovetomakeBeijingthecapitaloftheYuanDynasty(1271-1368)alsogaveaboosttoTongzhousfortunes,especiallyaftertheconstructionoftheGrandCanal,whichlinksBeijingandHangzhou,capitalofZhejiangprovince."Thecityexpandedandthepopulationalsogrewrapidly,"saysGao.",whichwastransportedviathecanalfromsouthernChina."Accordingtohistoricalrecords,thchitemsasaQingDynasty(1644-1911)mapoftheGrandCanal,andotherculturalrelicslikedailyitems,potteryandconstructionmaterials.(PhotoprovidedtoChinaDaily)In1329,(acontainerthatcouldholdabout75kilograms),(1368-1644)andQing(1644-1911)ighriceatTongzhou,headofthemuseum,talksaboutaQingmapoftheGrandCanal,fromBeijingtoShandongprovince,fromthereignofYongzheng(1722-35).AccordingtoZheng,themapwastakentoJapanduringtheWarofResistanceAgainstJapaneseAggression(1931-45)butwasbroughtbacktoChinaaround2000."Youcanstillfindmanyfacilitiesthatexisttodayonthemap,"ResidentsaffectedbyanearthquakestayinatemporaryshelterinSongyuanCity,NortheastChina’sJilinProvince,May28,,SongyuanCityonMondaymorning,damagingthehousesofmorethan1,thequake.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhangYao)ResidentsaffectedbyanearthquakemovetheirbelongingsinSongyuanCity,NortheastChina’sJilinProvince,May28,,SongyuanCityonMondaymorning,damagingthehousesofmorethan1,thequake.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhangYao)

  Afterrecenttwistsandturnsandthewhirlwindofdiplomacyovertheweekend,WashingtonTuesdaysaidtherewere"signsofprogress"fortheexpectedmeetingbetweentheleadersoftheUnitedStatesandtheDemocraticPeoplesRepublicofKorea(DPRK)."Thepresident(DonaldTrump)thinksthattheongoingdiscussionsaregoingverywell,"Wh"certainlysignsofprogress,",theWhiteHouseannouncedthatKimYongChol,vicechairmanoftheDPRKsrulingWorkersPartyofKoreaCentralCommittee,yforthemeeting,whichwillbethethirdmeetingbetweenthetwoseniorofficials,followingtheirtalksduringPompeosvisitstotheDPRKinAprilandMay."Theyvehadobviouslyverydeepconversations,"S,,,wasmeetingwiththeDPRKofficialsattheDemilitarizedZone(DMZ),withmoremeetingsexpectedlaterthisweek,,ledbyWhiteHouseDeputyChiefofStaffJoeHagin,iscurrentlyinSingaporecoordinatingthelogisticsoftheexpectedmeetingbetweenTrumpandtheDPRKtopleaderKimJongUn."Ithinkthereisareasonablechancethesummitwilltakeplace,"BrookingsInstitutionSeniorFellowDarrellWesttoldXinhua,sayingthattheDPRK,SouthKorea,theUnitedStates,andChina"haveinvestedconsiderabletimeandeffortinmakingthesummitpossiblesoeachhasanincentivetokeeptheconversationopen."ForTrump,itsalsoanopportunityto"makeahistoricforeignpolicybreakthrough,"DanMahaffee,seniorvicepresidentanddirectorofpolicyattheCenterfortheStudyofCongressandthePresidency,,originallyscheduledforJune12inSingapore,cameafterTrumpcanceledthemeetinginalettertoKimJongUnonThursday,citing"tremendousangerandopenhostility"sletter,theDPRKsFirstViceForeignMinisterKimKyeGwansaidearlyFridaythatthecountryisreadytositdownwiththeUnitedStates,sayingbothsideswans."Hopefully,despitethestatementsofPresidentTrumpandotheradministrationofficials,dialoguecancontinuetolessentensions,butwitharealisticunderstandingofwhatarelikelyoutcomes,",Washingtonalsoremainedalertforanypossiblefuturereverse."Weremovingforward,andwellbepreparedeitherway,"Sanderstoldreporters.,ChinesewascategorizedalongwithArabic,SwahiliandIcelandicasaLessCommonlyTaughtLanguage",theworldsoldestwrittenlanguageisthesecondmostcommonlyspokennon-Englishlanguage,onlyafterSpanish,intheUnitedStates,,accordingtoalatestsurveyby24/7WallStr.,"ThemostsignificantnewaspectofthisChineseFever,wasthatitwentdowntothelevelofprimaryandsecondaryeducation,"saidLaughlin,EastAsianStudiesandDepartmentChair,UniversityofVirginia,inarecentinterviewviaphonewithXinhua."Forthefirsttimeacrossthenation,yousawChineseinstructioninelementaryschools,middleschoolsandhighschools...Ithink,itcontinuestogrow,"saidLaughlin,slatestChinesearticle,titled"Jazz,educationandAmericanCulture"andunderhisChinesename,LuoFulin,iscarriedbythe4theditionof2017HuaCheng,orFlowerCity,,,-,,butithaspulledbackinthepastfourorfiveyears."(Itis)notbecauseofachangeofattitude,butIthinkmaybebecausesomeofthestudentswereinitiallyinterestedintakingChinese...theymighthaveoverestimatedtheirabilitiestolearnChinese,"hesaid."Itisimportanttoremembertheincreaseattheuniversitylevelisstillmuchhigherthanitwas20yearsago,inanotherwords,nowChinese,atmostuniversities,,,afterSpanishandFrench,"Laughlinsaid."Thishasneverhappenedbefore,itwasnotthecasewhenIwasinthecollege."However,ineseinAmericanuniversitiessincethelate19thcentury,enChinastarteditsreformandopening-uppolicyinlate1970s."Aroundtheendof20thcentury,Chinasachievementsaresoincredible,anditsglobalinfluencedevelopedveryfast...(these)raisedtheprofileofChineselanguageveryhigh,"ffman,ateacherfromBrooklyn,NewYorkCity,oncefeltlearningChinesewassohardbecauseshedidnothavenativespeakerstopractisethetonelanguage."IstudiedSpanishbecauseIusedtoworkinaSpanishneighborhood,andIcarryonabasicconversationwiththeparentsnowabouttheirjob,andImsureitsgonnatakelongerinChinese,justbecauseofthetones...SothatsthechallengeforAmericans,"HoffmantoldXinhuarecentlyattheendofherfirstChineseclassattheChinaInstituteinLowerManhattan,NewYorkCity."(Itwasevenharder)ifyoudidnthavetheabilitytohearitmanymanymanytimeswhenyouwenthome,itsnotlikeyoucanstudyitfromabookinthesamewaythatyoucouldwithSpanish,whichismorephonetic,oranyotherlanguage,"shesaid."(Now)withtheassistanceofcomputeritwouldbeabiteasier,""Chineselearningapp"yieldsover31,700,000results."SmartphonesappshavebeenareallyhelpfultoolbecausetheyallowmetostudyChinesewhileImonthesubwayorinacoffeeshop,"wroteSbortoZhou,aneditorwhohasstudiedChineseforoverfiveyears,inhisarticle"The12bestappstolearnChineseonyoursmartphoneortablet."Inhisopinion,thebestappsforlearningChineseareSkritter(LearnhowtowriteChinesecharacters),FluentU(improveyourlanguagelevelthroughimmersioninthelanguage)andTheChairmansBao(anonlinenewspaperthathasbeensimplifiedforpeoplelearningMandarin),,asortofWhatsappthatisextremelypopularinChina,isalsoconsideredoneofthebestplatformsforChineselearnerstointeractwithnativeChinesespeakersasitallowsonetomeetnewpeople."AllthesesimpleandaccessibleresourceshaverevolutionizedtraditionalChineseteaching,"saidChenJinguo,aninstructorwhohasbeenteachingattheChinaInstituteformorethan20years."Byembeddingthemwithincurricula,myclassesaremoreinteresting,interactiveandengagingwithlocalstudents."  

  ThefirstEuropeancompetitionofshoecleaningisheldinthehistoricalgalleryofSaintHubertinBrussels,Belgium,May26,customersinthisevent.(Photo/IC)ThefirstEuropeancompetitionofshoecleaningisheldinthehistoricalgalleryofSaintHubertinBrussels,Belgium,May26,customersinthisevent.(Photo/IC)ThefirstEuropeancompetitionofshoecleaningisheldinthehistoricalgalleryofSaintHubertinBrussels,Belgium,May26,customersinthisevent.(Photo/IC)Aviewofwatchtower-likeresidentialbuildingsinGonjoCounty,ChamdoPrefectureinSouthwestChina’’sSanyanarealiveinthebuildingsthatarethreetofivefloorshighandmadeofmudontheoutside,witheachstructurehometoatleasttwofamilies.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/JiXiang)Aviewofwatchtower-likeresidentialbuildingsinGonjoCounty,ChamdoPrefectureinSouthwestChina’’sSanyanarealiveinthebuildingsthatarethreetofivefloorshighandmadeofmudontheoutside,witheachstructurehometoatleasttwofamilies.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/JiXiang)Aviewofwatchtower-likeresidentialbuildingsinGonjoCounty,ChamdoPrefectureinSouthwestChina’’sSanyanarealiveinthebuildingsthatarethreetofivefloorshighandmadeofmudontheoutside,witheachstructurehometoatleasttwofamilies.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/JiXiang)Aviewofwatchtower-likeresidentialbuildingsinGonjoCounty,ChamdoPrefectureinSouthwestChina’’sSanyanarealiveinthebuildingsthatarethreetofivefloorshighandmadeofmudontheoutside,witheachstructurehometoatleasttwofamilies.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/JiXiang)Aviewofwatchtower-likeresidentialbuildingsinGonjoCounty,ChamdoPrefectureinSouthwestChina’’sSanyanarealiveinthebuildingsthatarethreetofivefloorshighandmadeofmudontheoutside,witheachstructurehometoatleasttwofamilies.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/JiXiang)Aviewofwatchtower-likeresidentialbuildingsinGonjoCounty,ChamdoPrefectureinSouthwestChina’’sSanyanarealiveinthebuildingsthatarethreetofivefloorshighandmadeofmudontheoutside,witheachstructurehometoatleasttwofamilies.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/JiXiang)Aviewofwatchtower-likeresidentialbuildingsinGonjoCounty,ChamdoPrefectureinSouthwestChina’’sSanyanarealiveinthebuildingsthatarethreetofivefloorshighandmadeofmudontheoutside,witheachstructurehometoatleasttwofamilies.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/JiXiang)Aviewofwatchtower-likeresidentialbuildingsinGonjoCounty,ChamdoPrefectureinSouthwestChina’’sSanyanarealiveinthebuildingsthatarethreetofivefloorshighandmadeofmudontheoutside,witheachstructurehometoatleasttwofamilies.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/JiXiang)Aviewofwatchtower-likeresidentialbuildingsinGonjoCounty,ChamdoPrefectureinSouthwestChina’’sSanyanarealiveinthebuildingsthatarethreetofivefloorshighandmadeofmudontheoutside,witheachstructurehometoatleasttwofamilies.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/JiXiang)Aviewofwatchtower-likeresidentialbuildingsinGonjoCounty,ChamdoPrefectureinSouthwestChina’’sSanyanarealiveinthebuildingsthatarethreetofivefloorshighandmadeofmudontheoutside,witheachstructurehometoatleasttwofamilies.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/JiXiang)

StudentsfromYunnanUniversityDi(PhotobyZhuYuhangandXuYuya/)StudentsfromYunnanUniversityDi(PhotobyZhuYuhangandXuYuya/)StudentsfromYunnanUniversityDi(PhotobyZhuYuhangandXuYuya/)StudentsfromYunnanUniversityDi(PhotobyZhuYuhangandXuYuya/)StudentsfromYunnanUniversityDi(PhotobyZhuYuhangandXuYuya/)StudentsfromYunnanUniversityDi(PhotobyZhuYuhangandXuYuya/)StudentsfromYunnanUniversityDi(PhotobyZhuYuhangandXuYuya/)StudentsfromYunnanUniversityDi(PhotobyZhuYuhangandXuYuya/)

  Asthenumberofsmartphoneusersexplodes,’,that’,up30%’sbusinessincubator,,,andhiscompanyisyettomakeaprofit."Inthepast,ifanewgamehasgoodquality,,’sharderforsmallcompanies."GaoChao,,gamecompaniesarelookingforestablishedpartners."Wehaveapositivecashflow,andwearethinkingabount."LiXin,CEOofHangzhouWooduanEntertainmentsaid.""FangMing,%ofstartupcompaniesareprofitable."Formanygamedevelopers,,buthowabouttomorrow"WeiWei,,itmaystillbetooearlytocallthewinners.

  CorgidogsraceduringtheSoCal"CorgiNationals"championshipattheSantaAnitaHorseRacetrackinArcadia,California,May27,17raceevent.(Photo/Agencies)CorgidogsraceduringtheSoCal"CorgiNationals"championshipattheSantaAnitaHorseRacetrackinArcadia,California,May27,17raceevent.(Photo/Agencies)CorgidogsraceduringtheSoCal"CorgiNationals"championshipattheSantaAnitaHorseRacetrackinArcadia,California,May27,17raceevent.(Photo/Agencies)CorgidogsraceduringtheSoCal"CorgiNationals"championshipattheSantaAnitaHorseRacetrackinArcadia,California,May27,17raceevent.(Photo/Agencies)Ablue-throatedbee-eaterfliesatHoulouVillage,YangzhongTown,YouxiCounty,southeastChinasFujianProvince,May25,2018.(Xinhua/MeiYongcun)Blue-throatedbee-eatersperchonabranchatHoulouVillage,YangzhongTown,YouxiCounty,southeastChinasFujianProvince,May25,2018.(Xinhua/MeiYongcun)Blue-throatedbee-eatersperchonabranchinLuxiaTown,NanpingCity,southeastChinasFujianProvince,May25,2018.(Xinhua/MeiYongcun)Blue-throatedbee-eaterssportatHoulouVillage,YangzhongTown,YouxiCounty,southeastChinasFujianProvince,May28,2018.(Xinhua/MeiYongcun)Ablue-throatedbee-eaterfliesinLuxiaTown,NanpingCity,southeastChinasFujianProvince,May25,2018.(Xinhua/MeiYongcun)Ablue-throatedbee-eaterfliesatHoulouVillage,YangzhongTown,YouxiCounty,southeastChinasFujianProvince,May25,2018.(Xinhua/MeiYongcun)Blue-throatedbee-eatersperchonabranchinLuxiaTown,NanpingCity,southeastChinasFujianProvince,May25,2018.(Xinhua/MeiYongcun)Blue-throatedbee-eatersperchonabranchinLuxiaTown,NanpingCity,southeastChinasFujianProvince,May25,2018.(Xinhua/MeiYongcun)Ablue-throatedbee-eaterforagesatHoulouVillage,YangzhongTown,YouxiCounty,southeastChinasFujianProvince,May25,2018.(Xinhua/MeiYongcun)

  我们需要关注各个年龄层的孤独问题。

  AnarcheologistworksattheBeitingancientruinsinJimsarCounty,NorthwestChina’builtindifferentperiods,acoinfromtheTangDynasty(618-907),horsebones,armorremainsandotherrelics,mediareportedonMay29.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaDejun)AnarcheologistworksattheBeitingancientruinsinJimsarCounty,NorthwestChina’builtindifferentperiods,acoinfromtheTangDynasty(618-907),horsebones,armorremainsandotherrelics,mediareportedonMay29.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaDejun)AcoinfromtheTangDynasty(618-907)foundattheBeitingancientruinsinJimsarCounty,NorthwestChina’builtindifferentperiods,acoinfromtheTangDynasty(618-907),horsebones,armorremainsandotherrelics,mediareportedonMay29.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaDejun)HorseboneswereexcavatedattheBeitingancientruinsinJimsarCounty,NorthwestChina’builtindifferentperiods,acoinfromtheTangDynasty(618-907),horsebones,armorremainsandotherrelics,mediareportedonMay29.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaDejun)AviewoftheexcavationattheBeitingancientruinsinJimsarCounty,NorthwestChina’builtindifferentperiods,acoinfromtheTangDynasty(618-907),horsebones,armorremainsandotherrelics,mediareportedonMay29.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaDejun)Visitorslookatpreservedexamplesduringthe4thChinaAnimalSpecimensCompetitionheldinFujianMuseuminFuzhouCity,EastChina’sFujianProvince,May27,chinstitutespresented257animalspecimensinthecompetitionthataimstopromotepublicawarenessofbiodiversityandecologicalprotection.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhangBin)Visitorslookatpreservedexamplesduringthe4thChinaAnimalSpecimensCompetitionheldinFujianMuseuminFuzhouCity,EastChina’sFujianProvince,May27,chinstitutespresented257animalspecimensinthecompetitionthataimstopromotepublicawarenessofbiodiversityandecologicalprotection.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhangBin)Visitorslookatpreservedexamplesduringthe4thChinaAnimalSpecimensCompetitionheldinFujianMuseuminFuzhouCity,EastChina’sFujianProvince,May27,chinstitutespresented257animalspecimensinthecompetitionthataimstopromotepublicawarenessofbiodiversityandecologicalprotection.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhangBin)Visitorslookatpreservedexamplesduringthe4thChinaAnimalSpecimensCompetitionheldinFujianMuseuminFuzhouCity,EastChina’sFujianProvince,May27,chinstitutespresented257animalspecimensinthecompetitionthataimstopromotepublicawarenessofbiodiversityandecologicalprotection.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhangBin)Visitorslookatpreservedexamplesduringthe4thChinaAnimalSpecimensCompetitionheldinFujianMuseuminFuzhouCity,EastChina’sFujianProvince,May27,chinstitutespresented257animalspecimensinthecompetitionthataimstopromotepublicawarenessofbiodiversityandecologicalprotection.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhangBin)Visitorslookatpreservedexamplesduringthe4thChinaAnimalSpecimensCompetitionheldinFujianMuseuminFuzhouCity,EastChina’sFujianProvince,May27,chinstitutespresented257animalspecimensinthecompetitionthataimstopromotepublicawarenessofbiodiversityandecologicalprotection.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhangBin)Visitorslookatpreservedexamplesduringthe4thChinaAnimalSpecimensCompetitionheldinFujianMuseuminFuzhouCity,EastChina’sFujianProvince,May27,chinstitutespresented257animalspecimensinthecompetitionthataimstopromotepublicawarenessofbiodiversityandecologicalprotection.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhangBin)

  Visitorslookatpreservedexamplesduringthe4thChinaAnimalSpecimensCompetitionheldinFujianMuseuminFuzhouCity,EastChina’sFujianProvince,May27,chinstitutespresented257animalspecimensinthecompetitionthataimstopromotepublicawarenessofbiodiversityandecologicalprotection.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhangBin)Visitorslookatpreservedexamplesduringthe4thChinaAnimalSpecimensCompetitionheldinFujianMuseuminFuzhouCity,EastChina’sFujianProvince,May27,chinstitutespresented257animalspecimensinthecompetitionthataimstopromotepublicawarenessofbiodiversityandecologicalprotection.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhangBin)Visitorslookatpreservedexamplesduringthe4thChinaAnimalSpecimensCompetitionheldinFujianMuseuminFuzhouCity,EastChina’sFujianProvince,May27,chinstitutespresented257animalspecimensinthecompetitionthataimstopromotepublicawarenessofbiodiversityandecologicalprotection.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhangBin)Visitorslookatpreservedexamplesduringthe4thChinaAnimalSpecimensCompetitionheldinFujianMuseuminFuzhouCity,EastChina’sFujianProvince,May27,chinstitutespresented257animalspecimensinthecompetitionthataimstopromotepublicawarenessofbiodiversityandecologicalprotection.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhangBin)Visitorslookatpreservedexamplesduringthe4thChinaAnimalSpecimensCompetitionheldinFujianMuseuminFuzhouCity,EastChina’sFujianProvince,May27,chinstitutespresented257animalspecimensinthecompetitionthataimstopromotepublicawarenessofbiodiversityandecologicalprotection.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhangBin)Visitorslookatpreservedexamplesduringthe4thChinaAnimalSpecimensCompetitionheldinFujianMuseuminFuzhouCity,EastChina’sFujianProvince,May27,chinstitutespresented257animalspecimensinthecompetitionthataimstopromotepublicawarenessofbiodiversityandecologicalprotection.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhangBin)Visitorslookatpreservedexamplesduringthe4thChinaAnimalSpecimensCompetitionheldinFujianMuseuminFuzhouCity,EastChina’sFujianProvince,May27,chinstitutespresented257animalspecimensinthecompetitionthataimstopromotepublicawarenessofbiodiversityandecologicalprotection.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhangBin)

  StaffmembersattheInsectMuseumofWestChinafoundafive-hornedrhinocerosbeetlewithfourlargehornsonitsprothoraxandoneextra-longcephalichornonQingchengMountaininChengduCity,osbeetlefoundintheprovince.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhaoLi)StaffmembersattheInsectMuseumofWestChinafoundafive-hornedrhinocerosbeetlewithfourlargehornsonitsprothoraxandoneextra-longcephalichornonQingchengMountaininChengduCity,osbeetlefoundintheprovince.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhaoLi)StaffmembersattheInsectMuseumofWestChinafoundafive-hornedrhinocerosbeetlewithfourlargehornsonitsprothoraxandoneextra-longcephalichornonQingchengMountaininChengduCity,osbeetlefoundintheprovince.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhaoLi)StaffmembersattheInsectMuseumofWestChinafoundafive-hornedrhinocerosbeetlewithfourlargehornsonitsprothoraxandoneextra-longcephalichornonQingchengMountaininChengduCity,osbeetlefoundintheprovince.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhaoLi)StaffmembersattheInsectMuseumofWestChinafoundafive-hornedrhinocerosbeetlewithfourlargehornsonitsprothoraxandoneextra-longcephalichornonQingchengMountaininChengduCity,osbeetlefoundintheprovince.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhaoLi)StaffmembersattheInsectMuseumofWestChinafoundafive-hornedrhinocerosbeetlewithfourlargehornsonitsprothoraxandoneextra-longcephalichornonQingchengMountaininChengduCity,osbeetlefoundintheprovince.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhaoLi)StaffmembersattheInsectMuseumofWestChinafoundafive-hornedrhinocerosbeetlewithfourlargehornsonitsprothoraxandoneextra-longcephalichornonQingchengMountaininChengduCity,osbeetlefoundintheprovince.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhaoLi)

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安倍政府为右翼思想进校园撑腰 日本教育右倾化加剧

2019-05-24 06:42:04|来源:法制日报|编辑:靳松
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资料图

  近日,有关日本教育右倾化的话题在日本国内被炒得沸沸扬扬。先是二战时日本皇国教育核心——“教育敕语”(“教育敕语”看上去只是日本明治天皇颁布的一份教育文件,但这份仅有短短315个字的“敕语”,却深刻地影响近代日本的国民思想,对军国主义思想在日本社会中的蔓延起到极其重要的助推作用)被个别教育机构“复活”,接着“刺枪术(拼刺刀)”这一旧日本军队的日常训练科目竟被日本教育部门要求纳入中学体育教育,而近期一本小学道德课教材因写进“面包房”而非日本传统的“和果子屋”竟被指不爱国,文部省审批不予通过,更是在日本国内引起了民众对右翼、保守教育理念在中小学教育中蔓延的担忧。

  “面包房”一词被指不爱国

  此前,日本文部科学省在审定一本小学一年级使用的道德课教材时,因其中一篇题为《周日的散步道》的课文在文中使用了具有西洋舶来品色彩的“面包房”,而非使用日本传统的“和果子屋”,就对这一版教科书给出了“不符合爱国家、爱乡土立场”的审定意见,并不准予其通过审核。

  尽管《周日的散步道》这篇文章自2000年起就一直被收录在这本道德课教材中,但在审核未获通过的情况下,教材撰写公司不得不将文中的“面包房”改成了“和果子屋”。

  使用“面包房”一词被指不爱国事件发生后,在日本国内引起了强烈反响,民众纷纷质疑生活中已经习以为常的“面包房”怎么就和爱不爱国扯上了关系。

  尽管这件事乍看起来有点黑色幽默的味道,但联系到近期在日本社会被炒得沸沸扬扬的“教育敕语”被搬上课堂及“拼刺刀”被要求加入中学体育教育等事件,其所反映出的日本右翼思想逐步蔓延至学校教育的现实,却不得不引起警惕。

  政府为“教育敕语”开绿灯

  事实上日本政坛的右倾化对日本民众而言已经不是什么新鲜事,但在对下一代的教育上,日本民众一直对右翼思想持警惕态度。

  此前,右翼教育机构“森友学园”让学生背诵日本战前军国主义教育核心的“教育敕语”一事,第一次把右翼思想蔓延至学校教育的问题暴露在了日本民众的面前,并由此引起了广泛担忧。

  但在事件被曝光后,日本政府不仅一改二战后日本历届政府坚决在学校教育中禁止“教育敕语”的立场,还一再为“森友学园”复活“教育敕语”辩解。3月31日,安倍政府更是以内阁决议的形式允许“在不违反宪法和《教育基本法》的形式下”将“教育敕语”作为教材使用,明目张胆地为右翼思想进入学校教育撑腰。

  给下一代“吃有毒的馒头”

  在“教育敕语”事件尚未平息之际,日本文部科学省在最新公布的中学“学习指导纲要”中,竟要求中学在体育教育中加入二战中日军日常训练科目“刺枪术”。此消息一出,再次在日本民众中掀起轩然大波。

  上述具有军国主义和保守主义色彩的教育思想、做法蔓延至日本学校教育的根源,需要从2006年安倍晋三第一次上台时修改《教育基本法》说起。日本原《教育基本法》颁布于1947年,其否定了日本战前的军国主义教育和占有统治地位的“皇国史观”,成为二战后日本民主化改革的重要标志之一。但是,安倍晋三在2006年第一次上台后,立即着手推进所谓的“教育再生”,并对《教育基本法》作出了修改,将培养学生的“爱国、爱乡土之情”作为教育目标。

  该法律的修改在当时就引起日本在野党、教育界和民众有关复活战前教育的担忧,但却获得了诸如“日本会议”这样的右翼团体的支持和赞扬。对于右翼教育思想在学校教育中的复活,日本部分有识之士指出,这就是给下一代“吃有毒的馒头”,其最终会把日本引向修改和平宪法和复活军国主义的道路上来。

  本报东京4月12日电 记者 冀勇

标签:安倍晋三

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